Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.104, No.14, 6375-6383, 2020
Rapid detection of antibiotic resistance genes in lactic acid bacteria using PMMA-based microreactor arrays
The emergence of lactic acid bacteria (LABs) resistant to existing antimicrobial drugs is a growing health crisis. To decrease the overuse of antibiotics, molecular diagnostic systems that can rapidly determine the presence of antibiotic resistance (AR) genes in LABs from yogurt samples are needed. This paper describes a fully integrated, miniaturized plastic chip and closed-tube detection chemistry that performs multiplex nucleic acid amplification. High-throughput identification of AR genes was achieved through this approach, and six AR genes were analyzed simultaneously in < 2 h. This time-to-result included the time required for the extraction of DNA. The detection limit of the chip was 10(3) CFU mL(-1), which was consistent with that of tube LAMP. We detected and identified multiple DNAs, including streptomycin, tetracycline, and vancomycin resistance-associated genes, with complete concordance to the Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method.