Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.104, No.15, 6429-6441, 2020
Ribose-5-phosphate isomerases: characteristics, structural features, and applications
Ribose-5-phosphate isomerase (Rpi, EC 184.108.40.206) is widespread in microorganisms, animals, and plants. It has a pivotal role in the pentose phosphate pathway and responsible for catalyzing the isomerization betweend-ribulose 5-phosphate andd-ribose 5-phosphate. In recent years, Rpi has received considerable attention as a multipurpose biocatalyst for production of rare sugars, includingd-allose,l-rhamnulose,l-lyxose, andl-tagatose. Besides, it has been thought of as a potential drug target in the treatment of trypanosomatid-caused diseases such as Chagas' disease, leishmaniasis, and human African trypanosomiasis. Despite increased research activities, up to now, no systematic review of Rpi has been published. To fill this gap, this paper provides detailed information about the enzymatic properties of various Rpis. Furthermore, structural features, catalytic mechanism, and molecular modifications of Rpis are summarized based on extensive crystal structure research. Additionally, the applications of Rpi in rare sugar production and the role of Rpi in trypanocidal drug design are reviewed.