Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.104, No.15, 6799-6812, 2020
Bacterial magnetic particles-polyethylenimine vectors deliver target genes into multiple cell types with a high efficiency and low toxicity
Bacterial magnetic particles (BMPs) are biosynthesized magnetic nano-scale materials with excellent dispersibility and biomembrane enclosure properties. In this study, we demonstrate that BMPs augment the ability of polyethylenimine (PEI) to deliver target DNA into difficult-to-transfect primary porcine liver cells, with transfection efficiency reaching over 30%. Compared with standard lipofection and polyfection, BMP-PEI gene vectors significantly enhanced the transfection efficiencies for the primary porcine liver cells and C2C12 mouse myoblast cell lines. To better understand the mechanism of magnetofection using BMP-PEI/DNA vectors, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images of transfected Cos-7, HeLa, and HEP-G2 cells were observed. We found that the BMP-PEI/DNA complexes were trafficked into the cytoplasm and nucleus by way of vesicular transport and endocytosis. Our study builds support for the versatile BMP-PEI vector transfection system, which might be exploited to transfect a wide range of cell types or even to reach specific targets in the treatment of disease.