Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.105, No.3, 1031-1039, 2021
Application of electrical treatment on Euglena gracilis for increasing paramylon production
Paramylon also called beta-1,3-glucan is a value-added product produced from Euglena gracilis. Recently, researchers have developed various strategies for the enhanced paramylon production, among which electrical treatment for microbial stimulation can be an alternative owing to the applicability to large-scale cultivation. In this study, we applied the electrical treatment for enhanced paramylon production and found the proper treatment conditions. Under the treatment with platinum electrodes at 10 mA, the paramylon production of treated cells was significantly increased about 2.5-fold, compared to those of the untreated cells, although the density of cells was maintained due to considerable stress. The size of treated cells became larger, possibly due to the increased level of paramylon production within the cells. Accordingly, the contents of glucose uptake, glucose-6-phosphate (G6P), glucose-1-phosphate (G1P), and uridine diphosphoglucose (UDPG) were shifted to appropriate states for the process of paramylon synthesis under the treatment. The increased level of transcripts encoding glucan synthase-like 2 (EgGSL2) was also confirmed via droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) under the treatment. Overall, this study makes a major contribution to research on electrical stimulation and provides new insights into E. gracilis metabolism like paramylon synthesis.