Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Vol.191, No.4, 1624-1637, 2020
Polyvinyl Alcohol/Hydroxyethylcellulose Containing Ethosomes as a Scaffold for Transdermal Drug Delivery Applications
This study aims to develop scaffold for transdermal drug delivery method (TDDM) using electrospinning technique from polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and hydroxyethylcellulose (HEC). The fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) loaded on ethosomes (FITC@Eth) was used as a drug model. The prepared PVA/HEC/FITC@Eth scaffold was characterized via scanning electron microscope (SEM) that show morphology change by adding FITC@Eth. Also, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), mechanical properties, X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermal gravimetric (TGA) analysis show that the addition of FITC@Eth to PVA/HEC does not change the scaffold properties. Franz diffusion cells were used for in vitro skin permeation experiments using rat dorsal skins. The FITC@Eth penetration was better than that of free FITC due to the presence of ethosome which enhance the potential skin targeting. In conclusion, the prepared PVA/HEC/FITC@Eth scaffold can serve as a promising transdermal scaffold for sustained FITC release.