Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Vol.190, No.4, 1349-1359, 2020
IoGAS1, a GPI-Anchored Protein Derived from Issatchenkia orientalis, Confers Tolerance of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to Multiple Acids
Construction of acid-tolerant strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is required for various bioproduction processes. We previously isolated the gene IoGAS1 from multiple stress-tolerant Issatchenkia orientalis as a gene conferring sulfuric acid resistance in S. cerevisiae, but its acid tolerance was only investigated using sulfuric acid. Here, we evaluated the growth and ethanol fermentation ability of the IoGAS1-expressing S. cerevisiae strain, B4-IoGAS1, by using various acidic reagents. B4-IoGAS1 exhibited faster growth than the control strain, B4-CON, when cultured aerobically with sulfuric, hydrochloric, formic, acetic, and lactic acids at pH below 2.4. However, the growth of B4-IoGAS1 was suppressed at pH above 2.48, irrespective of the type of acid reagents. Furthermore, B4-IoGAS1 exhibited higher performance of ethanol fermentation than B4-CON under 250 mM lactic acid condition at pH 2.37. These results demonstrate that IoGAS1 could facilitate the aerobic growth and anaerobic ethanol production under different acidic stressed conditions.