Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Vol.190, No.4, 1257-1270, 2020
Enhancing Catalytic Efficiency of an Actinoplanes utahensis Echinocandin B Deacylase through Random Mutagenesis and Site-Directed Mutagenesis
Echinocandin B deacylase (EBDA), from Actinoplanes utahensis ZJB-08196, is capable of cleaving the linoleoyl group from echinocandin B (ECB), forming the echinocandin B nucleus (ECBN), which is a key precursor of semisynthetic antifungal antibiotics. In the present study, molecular evolution of AuEBDA by random mutagenesis combined with site-directed mutagenesis (SDM) and screening was performed. Random mutagenesis on the wild-type (WT) AuEBDA generated two beneficial substitutions of G287Q, R527V. The "best" variant AuEBDA-G287Q/R527V was obtained by combining G287Q with R527V through SDM, which was most active at 35 degrees C, pH 7.5, with K-m and v(max) values of 0.68 mM and 395.26 U/mg, respectively. Mutation of G287Q/R527V markedly increased the catalytic efficiency k(cat)/K-m by 290% compared with the WT-AuEBDA.