Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Vol.191, No.2, 605-622, 2020
Laccase-catalyzed polymerization of hydroquinone incorporated with chitosan oligosaccharide for enzymatic coloration of cotton
Chitosan oligosaccharide (COS), a water-soluble carbohydrate obtained from chemical or enzymatic hydrolysis of chitosan, has similar structure and properties to non-toxic, biocompatible, and biodegradable chitosan. However, COS has many advantages over chitosan due to its low molecular weight and high water solubility. In the current work, COS was incorporated in the laccase-catalyzed polymerization of hydroquinone. The laccase-catalyzed polymerization of hydroquinone with or without COS was investigated by using simple structure of glucosamine hydrochloride as an alternative to COS to understand the mechanism of COS-incorporated polymerization of hydroquinone. Although polyhydroquinone can be regarded as the polymeric colorant with dark brown color, there is no affinity or chemical bonding between polyhydroquinone and cotton fibers. Cotton fabrics were successfully in-situ dyed into brown color through the laccase-catalyzed polymerization of hydroquinone by incorporating with COS as a template. The presence of COS enhanced the dye uptake of polyhydroquinone on cotton fibers due to high affinity of COS to cotton and covalent bonding between COS and polyhydroquinone during laccase catalysis. This novel approach not only provides a simple route for the biological coloration of cotton fabrics but also presents a significant way to prepare functional textiles with antibacterial property.