Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Vol.191, No.2, 528-539, 2020
The Protective Effects of Silymarin on Thioacetamide-Induced Liver Damage: Measurement of miR-122, miR-192, and miR-194 Levels
This study aims to investigate the protective effects of silymarin (Sm) in thioacetamide (TAA)-related liver damage. What makes this study special is that it attempts to determine the expression of changes in the liver at the level of gene expression. Routine liver damage markers were compared with changes in the levels of microRNA (miRNA) known as new biomarkers. With this in mind, we divided the rats into four groups including control, TAA, Sm + TAA (50 + 50 mg/kg), and Sm + TAA (100 + 50 mg/kg). Blood and tissue samples belonging to the rats were collected in consideration of morphological, immunohistochemistry, miRNAs levels, and biochemical evaluations. Our study results showed that miR-122, miR-192, and miR-194 levels had decreased in the experimental groups given TAA, whereas miR-122, miR-192, and miR-194 levels had increased in the doses of Sm + TAA-given group. Therefore, Sm treatment undertaken before exposure to the toxin successfully altered its effects upon the study animals.