Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Vol.193, No.2, 446-462, 2021
Combination of Adsorption and Cellulose Derivative Membrane Coating for Efficient Immobilization of Laccase
Immobilization of enzyme based on combination of adsorption and cellulose derivative membrane coating was established in this work for the first time. Laccase, a commonly used enzyme in varied fields, was chosen as the model enzyme to demonstrate this method. After investigating operational conditions, the optimal process was obtained as follows: diatomite or HPD-417 as the adsorption carrier, 0.5% (w/v) methylcellulose (40,000 similar to 50,000) acetone solution as the coating solution, 0.75% (w/v) polyethylene glycol or maltose as the protective agent, and drying at 4 degrees C for 9 h. Under the optimal conditions, the residual activities of diatomite and HPD-417 immobilized laccase reached 99.33% and 94.15%, respectively. The study on properties showed that the immobilized laccases held high pH tolerance and thermal stability. The immobilized laccases were further applied to the indigo decolorization and 2, 4-dichlorophenol degradation. They showed high catalytic efficiency and could be reused for several batches. On the whole, the immobilization method developed in this work can effectively avoid the inactivation of laccase during immobilization and improve the stability of immobilized laccase. The laccase immobilized by this method shows obvious potential for environmental governance.