Advanced Powder Technology, Vol.31, No.8, 3420-3432, 2020
Mixing and migration rule of binary medium in vibrated dense medium fluidized bed for fine coal separation
The vibrated dense medium fluidized bed is an efficient waterless dry coal separation technology. In order to reduce the interference of the macroscopic migration of the entire bed with the coal settlement process, the material composition and diffusion behavior of the binary medium are studied. The results show that the maximum mass fraction of fine coal particles is 18% in the uniformly mixed binary medium. Bubbles and vibration are the main factors influencing the mixing process. At low vibration intensity and high gas velocity (f = 15 Hz, Uv = 15 cm/s), the fine coal particles rapidly rise and back mixing under the entrainment of a large number of bubbles. If the vibration frequency is increased to 25 Hz, the excessive kinetic energy causes the entire bed to flow circularly in the vertical direction, interfering with the normal settlement of coal. After reducing the gas velocity (f = 25 Hz, Uv = 11 cm/s), the fine coal particles in the wall region rise rapidly, which is mainly driven by the vibration, whereas the fine coal particles in the central region migrate upward at a relatively low velocity, dragged by the bubbles. The bed impact forces in the opposite directions differ slightly, which promotes the directional settlement of coal. (C) 2020 The Society of Powder Technology Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. and The Society of Powder Technology Japan. All rights reserved.