Advanced Powder Technology, Vol.31, No.12, 4683-4690, 2020
Photocatalytic hydrogen evolution over surface-modified titanate nanotubes by 5-aminosalicylic acid decorated with silver nanoparticles
The efficiency of titanate-nanotubes-based photocatalysts towards hydrogen production was studied in the presence of the sacrificial agent, 2-propanol. The highest hydrogen production rate (similar to 120 mu mol h(-1) g(-1)) was observed over surface-modified titanate nanotubes by 5-amino salicylic acid decorated with nanometer-sized silver nanoparticles. The X-ray diffraction analysis, transmission electron microscopy, nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms, and diffuse reflection spectroscopy were applied to characterize the prepared photocatalytic materials. The better photocatalytic performance of inorganic-organic hybrid materials in comparison to the pristine titanate nanotubes is a consequence of their improved light-harvesting ability due to the formation of interfacial charge transfer (ICT) complex, as well as the presence of metallic silver nanoparticles that suppress the recombination of photo-generated charge carriers. The spin trapping EPR experiments under irradiation of prepared photocatalysts with either UV or visible light were used to monitor the appearance of hydroxyl radicals and superoxide radical anions. The generation of superoxide radical anions under visible light irradiation was detected for hybrid materials, but not for the pristine titanate nanotubes. These results are a consequence of enhanced promotion of electrons to the conduction band due to extended absorption in visible spectral range in hybrids and support the higher efficiency of hydrogen generation observed for surface-modified titanate nanotubes by 5 amino salicylic acid decorated with silver nanoparticles. (c) 2020 The Society of Powder Technology Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. and The Society of Powder Technology Japan. All rights reserved.