Advanced Powder Technology, Vol.32, No.2, 546-564, 2021
Design and fabrication of optimized magnetic roller for permanent roll magnetic separator (PRMS): Finite element method magnetics (FEMM) approach
In the present work, an attempt has been made to develop a PRMS in a cost effective and environmental friendly way through FEMM analysis of magnetic roller (active part of PRMS). The FEMM analysis indicates that, the optimized magnetic roller having magnet-to-steel disk thickness ratio of 5 mm: 2.5 mm was proved to be gainful in beneficiating paramagnetic minerals due to the best magnetic field value from the roller surface that is, 0.89 to 2.59 T. Prediction analysis was performed on FEMM data using artificial neural network (ANN) modelling technique. Further, the design calculations of lab scale PRMS in terms of power requirements and belt tensions were addressed. The fabricated PRMS was tested on paramagnetic mineral (hematite ore) assayed 51.24% of Fe, 10.20% of SiO2, and 2.98% of Al2O3 for different roller speeds and the belt thickness. The result showed that, at 0.5 mm belt thickness with 180 rpm roller speed the fabricated lab scale PRMS works well in terms of improvement in the Fe content up to 59.5% at the concentrate along with the Fe recovery of 71.41%. The obtained results suggest that, the FEMM analysis is more suitable to optimize the effective magnetic roller for the PRMS. (c) 2021 The Society of Powder Technology Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. and The Society of Powder Technology Japan. All rights reserved.