Advanced Powder Technology, Vol.32, No.2, 535-545, 2021
Simulation of granular crystallization of cubic particles in twisting container using discrete element method
Granular compaction is a process in which the volume fraction, or density, of the granular materials increases when an excitation is applied. A recent experiment reported that twisting a large number of cubic particles in a cylindrical container leads to an ordered and dense arrangement. This structure is similar to the crystal lattice formed in solidification process. In this article, this phenomenon is repeated by using discrete element method (DEM) simulation. Two different shaped containers are used and it is found that the rectangular angles between the sidewalls and the bottom,namely wall effect, plays a key role. In addition, gravitation is also a very important parameter in this process. The higher gravitation added, the faster crystallization process is achieved. On the contrary, shear force due to friction between particles may slow down this process. (c) 2021 The Society of Powder Technology Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. and The Society of Powder Technology Japan. All rights reserved.