화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Vol.94, 309-316, February, 2021
Facile fabrication of amorphous NiMo catalysts for alkaline hydrogen oxidation reaction
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For the anion exchange membrane fuel cell (AEMFC), the development of non-precious hydrogen oxidation reaction (HOR) catalysts is crucial for overcoming cost-related limitations in commercialization. Among the non-precious HOR catalysts, NiMo catalysts with various compositions are studied. The composition of Mo is explored up to 45 % through the fast and facile electrodeposition technique. The prepared NixMo100-x catalysts have similar particle sizes and shapes, as well as amorphous structures owing to the adsorption of the citrate and Mo addition. Among the NixMo100-x catalysts, Ni62Mo38 shows the highest HOR activity of 0.94 and 1.31 mA/cm2 at 0.05 and 0.10 VRHE, respectively, in 0.1 M KOH solution. Additionally, the catalyst shows improved performance after the stability test (a maximum of 2.39 mA/cm2 after 100 cycles and 2.02 mA/cm2 after 3000 cycles at 0.10 VRHE, which are 111 % and 93.5 % of the initial performance of Pt/C, respectively), compared to its initial activity. This is superior to those of previously reported non-precious HOR catalysts, indicating its applicability to the AEMFC. This improved performance is attributed to the structural properties (amorphous and large electrochemical surface area), modified electronic structure of Ni by alloying with Mo, and strengthened bifunctional effect by repeated potential cycling.
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