Solar Energy, Vol.204, 223-230, 2020
Amine-passivated ZnO electron transport layer for thermal stability-enhanced perovskite solar cells
n-Type zinc oxide (ZnO) has high electron mobility, good light transmittance, and a suitable work function and is considered to be a suitable electron transport material in perovskite solar cells (PSCs). However, the chemical compatibility between ZnO and perovskites is poor, making it difficult to prepare highly efficient and stable PSCs by a one-step spin coating method. Here, the ZnO surface is modified with three amino compounds, butylamine (BA), isobutylamine (IBA) and 2-amino-2-methyl-1-propanol (AMP). Three amino compounds can react with 3D perovskite to form a thin and more stable perovskite with a 2D structure, which can improve the stability of ZnO-based PSCs fabricated by one-step method. Interestingly, the conductivity of amine-modified ZnO is also improved due to the presence of amino (NH2) and hydroxyl (OH) groups which can induce the dipole polarization. The modification of amino compounds on the surface of ZnO can affect the hydrophilicity of ZnO surface that is related to the crystallization of perovskite film. Devices with IBA modification exhibit improved stability, and the power conversion efficiency (PCE) can reach 18.84%. Therefore, we provide a new strategy to improve the surface of the ZnO electron transport layer for high-performance PSCs fabricated by a one-step method.