Renewable Energy, Vol.154, 187-200, 2020
Dynamic simulation of a solar-hybrid microturbine system with experimental validation of main parts
A micro gas turbine (MGT) is a potential option for distributed energy systems driven by fuel and solar energy. The dynamic characteristics of a solar-hybrid microturbine system are essential to its control development and performance assessment. In this paper, a dynamic model is proposed, including an MGT (T100), a tubular air receiver and a sensible thermal energy storage system, which are experimentally validated well. Based on the developed model, the dynamic responses of a solar-hybrid microturbine system in stand-alone mode are studied considering load and Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) changes. Results show that the fuel consumption is greatly reduced by integrating solar energy, which comes at the cost of system instability; if the investigated system experiences a significant load decrease, heliostats must be oriented away from the air receiver to ensure a stable operation, whereas the load must be increased incrementally to avoid a compressor surge in the case of a significant load increase. Compared to load change, DNI change will cause smaller overshoots of the MGT's rotational speed and surge margin. The system is simulated with measured DNI and shows that the thermal energy storage can reduce the fluctuation of combustor inlet temperature from 130.8 degrees C to 12.8 degrees C. (C) 2019 Published by Elsevier Ltd.