Renewable Energy, Vol.156, 1373-1388, 2020
Short-term wind speed prediction model based on GA-ANN improved by VMD
Wind power, as a potential new energy generation technology, is gradually developing towards to the mainstream energy in the world. However, the inherent random volatility of wind brings severe challenges to the safe operation of the grid and the reliability of power supply, one of the effective ways to solve the problem is to improve the accuracy of wind speed prediction. However, most of wind speed prediction model cannot well mine the inherent regularity of wind speed data. Therefore, this paper introduces variational mode decomposition (VMD) algorithm. And the Short-term Wind Speed Prediction Model based on GA-ANN improved by VMD is proposed, which can effectively improve the accuracy of wind speed prediction. Firstly, hierarchical cluster method in this paper is employed to extract the historical data with high similarity to the predicted day. And then the appropriate number of decompositions K is selected by judging the value of sample entropy, so that the extracted historical data is decomposed into K subsequences by the variational mode decomposition. Next, with the global optimization ability of genetic algorithm, the artificial neural network is optimized to improve the forecasting performance. Finally, the short-term wind speed forecasting model based on GA-ANN improved by VMD is employed to predict the wind speed of each subsequence and superimposed them to obtain the final wind speed prediction sequence. The results in this paper show that (1) the model can find the periodic fluctuation of wind speed through historical data by hierarchical cluster method, so that significantly improving the accuracy of short-term wind speed prediction; (2) for the wind speed prediction, the error value of GA-ANN model is smaller than that of BP neural network; (3) in view of the inherent nature of the wind, the model proposed in this paper can use VMD to decompose the wind speed signal to obtain different scale fluctuations or trends, so as to fully exploit the potential information of wind speed, and obtain more accurate prediction results. The research work can help the relevant departments of the power system to accurately assess the risk of power grid operation, make a reasonable generation plan, effectively reduce the cost of power operation, and then greatly promote the development of green energy. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.