Renewable Energy, Vol.159, 427-443, 2020
Modelling approaches to waste biomass pyrolysis: a review
The article presents a review of works on mathematical modelling of biomass pyrolysis process. Models types, number of dimensions, captured phenomena, type and dimensions of the reactors and biomass particles as well as models validation methods were analysed. Particular attention was paid to descriptions of chemical reactions, which are the essence of biomass thermal decomposition simulation. The article briefly describes the most important issues related to biomass pyrolysis and provides a review of commonly used methods of modelling this process with emphasis on solutions "ready to employ" in CFD modelling. A summary of other review papers on this topic is also provided. The problem of mathematical modelling in the context of "model an engineering tool" was also discussed. Mathematical model for an engineering applications must be prepared with consideration of necessary consensus between the calculations accuracy, calculation time, preparation efforts and analysis requirements. Therefore, in pyrolysis modelling context, the inclusion of chemical reactions and changes of heat transport conditions were considered as priority, while taking into account moisture evaporation and bed shrinkage should be conditioned by their actual contribution in the calculations accuracy and by their influence on the calculations time. (C) 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).