Process Biochemistry, Vol.96, 21-29, 2020
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii-derived multimer Mytichitin-CB possesses potent antibacterial properties
Mytichitin-CB was isolated from Mytilus coruscus in 2014. This antimicrobial peptide shows a weak inhibitory effect on Gram-negative bacteria but inhibits the growth of Gram-positive bacteria and fungi efficiently. Here, a C-terminal hemagglutinin and 6 x Histidine (HA-6 x His) double tagged three tandem repeats of Mytichitin-CB (3 x Mytichitin-CB) with a molecular weight of about 21.5 kDa was expressed in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. The recombinant 3 x Mytichitin-CB was stably expressed following continuous sixth passages of cells and inhibited the growth of both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria at maximum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values between 30 and 50 mu g/mL. 3 x Mytichitin-CB was stable in terms of its antibacterial activity when treated by a wide range of temperatures and pHs and was resistant to digestion by various proteases. C. reinhardtii-derived 3 x Mytichitin-CB had low hemolytic activity and cell cytotoxicity. Moreover, 3 x Mytichitin-CB efficiently caused changes on the cell morphology by destroying membrane integrity of the tested bacteria. Our data thus, for the first time, show that C. reinhardtii is a suitable host for stably expressing recombinant 3 x MytichitinCB, which possesses potent antibacterial properties.