Powder Technology, Vol.370, 197-205, 2020
Flotation intensification of low-rank coal using a new compound collector
Traditional non-polar oil collectors cannot achieve high recovery of low-rank coal because of the presence of oxygen-containing groups at coal surface. In this study, a new mixture of fossil oil and oxygen containing compound (FO) was used to enhance low-rank coal flotation compared with that using traditional collector, diesel oil. The oil droplet-particle detachment, induction-time, stability of the bubble-particle aggregate, attachment angle test and chemical force microscopy (CFM) were selected to further analyze the strengthening mechanism of collectors. The results show that higher yield was obtained using FO than that using diesel. Compared with diesel, FO was easier to adhere and spread on coal surface. The shorter induction time, higher amplitude and bigger attachment angle in presence of FO indicated that the FO treatment enabled the particles to much easily adhere to bubble. CFM provided a new insight into intensification mechanism of collector by the direct measurement of interaction force. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.