Langmuir, Vol.36, No.20, 5647-5653, 2020
Effect of Coagulation Bath Temperature on Mechanical, Morphological, and Thermal Properties of Cellulose/Antarctic Krill Protein Composite Fibers
Cellulose (C) and Antarctic krill protein (AKP) were dissolved at low temperature, and then C/AKP composite fibers were prepared by wet spinning. In this paper, the effect of coagulation bath temperature on the properties of C/AKP composite fibers were studied by FT-IR, XRD, DSC, and other tests. The results showed that, when the temperature of the coagulation bath increased from 5 to 25 degrees C, the intermolecular hydrogen bond content of the C/AKP composite fibers increased from 28.20% to 31.33%. When the coagulation bath temperature is 15 degrees C, the breaking strength of the composite fibers is 1.64cN/dtex, which is 12% higher than that of the composite fibers at room temperature. At this temperature, the crystallinity of the composite fibers is improved, the thermal stability is slightly improved, and the surface morphology is smoother. Inspiringly, when zinc sulfate is added to the coagulation bath, the formation process of the fibers is milder. Moreover, the C/AKP composite fibers have excellent antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus.