Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol.142, No.16, 7668-7682, 2020
Helix-Sense-Selective Synthesis of Right- and Left-Handed Helical Luminescent Poly(diphenylacetylene)s with Memory of the Macromolecular Helicity and Their Helical Structures
Symmetrically substituted poly(diphenylacetylene) (PDPA) bearing carboxy pendants was found to fold into a one-handed helix upon thermal annealing with nonracemic amines in water accompanied by chiral amplification of the helicity. The induced right- or left-handed helical PDPA was retained (memorized) after complete removal of the chiral amines, thus producing a one-handed helical circularly polarized luminescent PDPA in a helix-sense-selective manner. The helical PDPA with static helicity memory is tolerant toward modification of carboxy pendants, providing functional PDPAs with an optical activity solely due to macromolecular helicity. The PDPA and its derivatives before and after the one-handed helicity induction and its subsequent memory of the helicity exhibited well-resolved very simple H-1 and C-13 NMR and Raman spectra whose spectral patterns are virtually identical independent of the helical sense bias. On the basis of the H-1 and C-13 NMR, IR, Raman, and vibrational and electronic circular dichroism spectral measurement results combined with theoretical calculations, the key structural features (cis or trans and cisoid or transoid) of the PDPA as well as its helix inversion barrier and absolute handedness (right- or left-handed helix) and helix-sense excess of the one-handed helical PDPA and its derivatives with static helicity memory were determined. As a result, almost complete right- and left-handed helical cis-transoidal PDPAs with 98% helix-sense excess were successfully obtained using noncovalent helicity induction and memory strategy.