화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol.124, No.31, 6875-6884, 2020
Partial Viscosity Decoupling of Solute Solvation, Rotation, and Translation Dynamics in Lauric Acid/Menthol Deep Eutectic Solvent: Modulation of Dynamic Heterogeneity with Length Scale
Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) are new-generation media that can be fine-tuned to have desired properties circumventing economic and environmental issues. Typically, these are ionic, and only recently, nonionic DESs, having interesting properties, are being explored. In this report, we examined the structure and dynamics of a nonionic lauric acid/menthol (LA/Men) DES through steady-state emission, solvation dynamics, time-resolved fluorescence anisotropy, and translational diffusion dynamics. The zero shift in the emission spectra of coumarin 153 (a solvatochromic dye) as a function of the excitation wavelength suggests that LA/Men DES is spatially homogenous. Decoupling (p = 0.63) of the average solvation time, , from medium viscosity suggests the presence of mild dynamic heterogeneity in the system. Rotational time, , which reflects the nature of the first solvation shell, shows little decoupling (p = 0.81), suggesting it to be fairly dynamically homogeneous at a shorter length scale. An Arrhenius-type analysis also proves that rotation is mainly controlled by medium viscosity. Translational diffusion time, , which provides information at a larger length scale, is strongly decoupled from medium viscosity (p = 0.29). This indicates that at a larger length scale, the DES is quite dynamically heterogeneous. The slow component of solvation time, which is believed to originate at a larger length scale, correlates well with the translational diffusion timescale having similar activation energies. This suggests that their origin is same. Expectedly, for the long component of solvation time, the decoupling is quite strong (p = 0.30). Overall, our result demonstrates the structure and dynamics of the nonionic LA/Men DES, and the existence of length scale-dependent heterogeneity has been proposed.