Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol.124, No.26, 5314-5322, 2020
Unpaired Electron-Induced Wide-Range Light Absorption within Zn (or Cu) MOFs Containing Electron-Withdrawing Ligands: A Theoretical and Experimental Study
In photocatalysis, it is of general interest to understand and design wide-range light-absorbing inorganic/organic hybrid materials with an excellent photo-induced intramolecular charge-transfer (ICT) effect. To verify the role of unpaired electrons in enhancing ICT within electron-withdrawing ligand-based metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), the molecular structure, density of states (DOS), and electronic structure of strong electron-deficient pyridine-diketopyrrolopyrrole (P-DPP)-based Zn (or Cu) MOFs were calculated in Gaussian package to validate the unpaired electron ICT. The electron spin resonance technique has detected the unpaired electrons for the coordination systems containing Zn-O or Cu-O clusters and P-DPP ligand on photoexcitation. The estimated band gaps from the DOS calculation for P-DPP-Cu and P-DPP-Zn are 1.4 and 2.4 eV, respectively, showing a good agreement with the experimental UV-vis optical spectra. The partial DOS, dipole moment, and frontier orbital analysis prove that the ICT should happen from Zn-O or Cu-O clusters to P-DPP ligands. This research may contribute to a comprehensive understanding of electron- withdrawing ligand-induced ICT within MOFs and shed light on the design of light-absorbing MOFs with excellent ICT or conductivity.