Journal of Materials Science, Vol.55, No.30, 14728-14739, 2020
[(Bi0.50Na0.40K0.10)(0.94)Ba-0.06](1-x)LaxTi0.975Ta0.025O3 lead-free relaxor ceramics with high energy storage density and thermally stable dielectric properties
Dielectric ceramics for capacitors have attained significant attention in current time owing to their large power densities and fast charge/discharge rates. Lead-free [(Bi0.50Na0.40K0.10)(0.94)Ba-0.06](1-x)LaxTi0.975Ta0.025O3 (abbreviated as BNKBTT-100xLa) relaxor ceramics are prepared using mixed-oxide technique. All ceramics are revealed a pseudo-cubic structure using X-ray diffraction technique. The long-range order existing in BNKBTT-100xLa ceramics is found to reduce with increasing composition. As a result, a highly effective energy storage density (W-rec) similar to 1.558 J/cm(3) and efficiency (eta) similar to 88.46% is achieved in BNKBTT-2La ceramic. In addition, BNKBTT-2La composition is fatigue-free up to 105 cycles. Also, BNKBTT-4La ceramic exhibits a dielectric constant (epsilon') similar to 2281 near 150 degrees C with Delta epsilon'/epsilon'(150 degrees C) below 15% over a large range from 39 to 383 degrees C, showing an outstanding dielectric temperature stability. Therefore, BNKBTT-2La and BNKBTT-4La ceramics are outstanding for energy density and thermally stable dielectric permittivity, respectively, for the device applications.