화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.573, 165-175, 2020
On the importance of the crystalline surface structure on the catalytic activity and stability of tailored unsupported cobalt nanoparticles for the solvent-free acceptor-less alcohol dehydrogenation
Unsupported nanoparticles are now recognized as model catalysts to evaluate the intrinsic activity of metal particles, irrespectively of that of the support. Co nanoparticles with different morphologies, rods, diabolos and cubes have been prepared by the polyol process and tested for the acceptorless catalytic dehydrogenation of alcohols under solvent-free conditions. Rods crystallize with the pure hcp structure, diabolos with a mixture of hcp and fcc phases, while the cubes crystallize in a complex mixture of hcp, fcc and epsilon-Co phases. All the cobalt particles are found to be highly selective towards the oxidation of a model secondary alcohol, octan-2-ol, into the corresponding ketone while no significant activity is found with octan-1-ol. Our results show the strong influence of particle shape on the activity and catalytic stability of the catalysts: Co nanorods display the highest conversion (85%), selectivity (95%) and recyclability compared to Co diabolos and Co cubes. We correlate the nanorods excellent stability with a strong binding of carboxylate ligands on their {1 1 2 0} facets, preserving their crystalline superficial structure, as evidenced by phase modulation infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.