Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.574, 197-206, 2020
Competitive adsorption of phosphate and dissolved organic carbon on lanthanum modified zeolite
Lanthanum (hydr)oxide-based materials are attractive as highly efficient adsorbents for phosphate removal from both sewage and lake environment. However, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) coexists in the waters and exact information is still lacking on how DOC influence the phosphate adsorption process. In this study, competitive adsorption of phosphate and DOC on lanthanum modified zeolite (LMZ) was investigated using humic acid as the representative. In LMZ, lanthanum hydroxide was shown to be the active ingredient accounting for >98% of the binding sites of both phosphate and DOC. Without competition, the maximum adsorption capacity of phosphate and DOC estimated from the Langmuir isotherm model was 52.25 and 41.32 mg/g, respectively. When coexisted, DOC did not affect the adsorption of phosphate while phosphate reduced the adsorption of DOC by similar to 40%. In addition, preloading LMZ with DOC had little effect on phosphate adsorption while coating with phosphate substantially lowered DOC adsorption. Furthermore, phosphate can release most of the adsorbed DOC (>60%), while DOC can not replace adsorbed phosphate (<2%). The adsorption kinetics of both phosphate and DOC was best described by the psudo-second-order model (r(2) > 0.999). The adsorption of both phosphate and DOC increased with decreasing pH or increasing ionic strength. We proposed that phosphate was competitive than DOC for the ligand exchange sites of singly-coordinated hydroxyls, but DOC can be solely adsorbed onto the uncharged hydroxyls via hydrogen bonding. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.