Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.575, 168-176, 2020
Hydrogen peroxide-induced growth of hierarchical Ni3S2 nanorod/sheet arrays for high performance supercapacitors
The rational design and simple synthesis of high performance electrodes are important aspects of energy storage fields. However, it is difficult to determine a facile preparation method to obtain hierarchical Ni3S2 nanorod/sheet arrays. Herein, hydrogen peroxide-induced growth by the hydrothermal method is used to fabricate the hierarchical Ni3S2 nanorod/sheet arrays on nickel foam substrates. Hydrogen peroxide can accelerate the hydrolysis of Na2S2O3 to release sulfur ions and then induce formation of the hierarchical nanorod/sheet. The one-dimensional nanorod skeleton acting as high-speed electron transfer channels can support the nanosheets. The two-dimensional nanosheets can provide abundant active edge sites and protect the backbone from electrochemical corrosion. The hierarchical structure integrates the advantages of sufficient active sites, effective protection and high-speed electron transfer. The electrode based on the Ni3S2 nanorod/sheet delivers a high specific capacitance of 6.87 F cm(-2) at 2 mV s(-1) (6.24 F cm(-2) at 5 mA cm(-2)) and long cycling stability (85.7% capacitance retention at 15 mA cm(-2) after 3000 cycles). The asymmetric supercapacitor gains a high energy density of 1.16 mWh cm(-3) at 15.00 W cm(-3). The hierarchical Ni3S2 nanorod/sheet arrays are expected to be candidates for the electrodes of practical supercapacitors. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.