Journal of Catalysis, Vol.388, 130-140, 2020
Oxygen evolution electrocatalysis using mixed metal oxides under acidic conditions: Challenges and opportunities
Shaping the energy landscape through development of more efficient electrochemical energy conversion and storage devices requires significant advancements in the catalysis of key electrochemical processes involving oxygen. This is especially the case for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER), which is largely challenged by the cost-ineffectiveness of the best performing electrocatalysts (i.e., Ru, Ir), along with their limited stability under acidic conditions. This presents a roadblock in the development of robust acid-based polymer exchange membrane electrochemical systems, currently the most advanced technologies for electrochemical energy conversion. Approaches such as dilution of Ru/Ir into flexible mixed metal oxide frameworks have been used as alternative strategies in designing robust OER electrocatalysts. Herein, we discuss the state of research in this area and detail the effect of the composition and structure of mixed metal oxides on their acidic OER activity and stability. Future directions for developing mixed metal oxide electrocatalysts suitable for acidic electrochemical environments are devised. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.