International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.45, No.28, 14547-14551, 2020
Direct preparation of core-shell platinum cathode in membrane electrode assembly catalyst layer for polymer electrolyte fuel cell
Core-shell catalyst has been attracting attention as a low-Pt catalyst for PEFC cathode. However, its mass production method has not yet been established. In this paper, a novel method suitable for continuous production of low-platinum catalyst layer for PEFC is proposed. Catalyst layer of carbon-supported Pd@Pt core-shell catalyst (Pd@Pt/C) is fabricated by using Cu underpotential deposition (UPD) followed by surface-limited redox replacement (SLRR) directly to the porous catalyst layer made of Pd core (Pd/C). The distribution of Pt corresponded well with that of Pd throughout the catalyst layer, indicating that the core-shell reaction occurs in the entire catalyst layer. Pd@Pt/C shows 1.8 times higher mass activity than Pt/C, which is comparable to Pd@Pt/C prepared by conventional microgram-scale method. (C) 2020 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.