International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.45, No.32, 15888-15903, 2020
A new semi-empirical wind turbine capacity factor for maximizing annual electricity and hydrogen production
The capacity factor is an important wind turbine parameter which is ratio of average output electrical power to rated electrical power of the wind turbine. Another main factor, the AEP, the annual energy production, can be determined using wind characteristics and wind turbine performance. Lower rated power may lead to higher capacity factor but will reduce the AEP. Therefore, it is important to consider simultaneously both the capacity factor and the AEP in design or selecting a wind turbine. In this work, a new semi-empirical secondary capacity factor is introduced for determining a rated wind speed at which yearly energy and hydrogen production obtain a maximum value. This capacity factor is expressed as ratio of the AEP for wind turbine to yearly wind energy delivered by mean wind speed at the rotor swept area. The methodology is demonstrated using the empirical efficiency curve of Vestas-80 2 MW turbine and the Weibull probability density function. Simultaneous use of the primary and the secondary capacity factors are discussed for maximizing electrical energy and hence hydrogen production for different wind classes and economic feasibility are scrutinized in several wind stations in Kuwait. (C) 2020 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Annual energy production;Capacity factor;Hydrogen production;Weibull distribution;Wind speed