International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.45, No.34, 16976-16983, 2020
Highly stable graphene oxide composite proton exchange membrane for electro-chemical energy application
Proton exchange membrane is a basic element for any redox flow battery. Nafion is the only commercial available proton exchange membrane used in different electrochemical energy systems. High cost restrict its used for energy generation devices. In present work, we synthesised styrene divinylbenzene based composite proton exchange membranes (PEMs) with varying sulfonated graphene oxide (sGO) content for redox flow battery (RFB). Synthesized copolymer PEMs were analyzed in terms of their chemical structure with the help of FT-IR spectroscopy to confirm desired functional groups at appropriate position. Electrochemical characterization was performed in terms protonexchange capacity, protonic conductivity and water uptake. Membrane shows adequate proton exchange capacity with good proton conductivity. Vanadium ion permeability was also tested for the prepared membrane to assess capability for vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB) in contrast with commercially available Nafion 117 PEM. Higher VO+2 ion cross-over resistance was found for CEM-4 with 7.17 x 10(-7) cm(2) min(-1) permeability, which is about half of the CEM-1. Further CEM-4 was also evaluated for charging-discharging phenomenon for single cell VRFB. The values of columbic, voltage and energy efficiency for VRFB confirms prepared membrane as a good candidate for redox flow battery. Composite PEM also shows better mechanical and thermal stability. Results indicates that synthesized composite membrane can be used in vanadium redox flow battery. (C) 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.