International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.45, No.35, 18042-18056, 2020
Experiment study on the pressure and flame characteristics induced by high-pressure hydrogen spontaneous ignition
A series of experiments were conducted to study the pressure and combustion characteristics of the high-pressure hydrogen during the occurrence of spontaneous ignition and the conversion from spontaneous ignition to a jet fire and explosion. Different initial conditions including release pressure (4-10 MPa), tube diameter (10/15 mm), and tube length (0.3/0.7/1.2/1.7/2.2/3 m) were tested. The variation of the pressure and flame signal inside and outside of the tube and the development of the jet flame were recorded. The experimental results revealed that the minimum ignition pressure required for self-ignition of hydrogen at different tube diameters decreased first and then increased with the extension of tubes. The minimum ignition pressure for tubes diameters of 10 mm and 15 mm is no more than 4 MPa and the length of the tubes is L = 1.7 m. The minimum release pressure required for spontaneous ignition of a tube D = 15 mm is always lower than that of a tube D = 10 mm at the same tube length. When the spontaneous ignition occurred, it did not absolutely trigger the jet fire. The transition from spontaneous ignition to a jet fire must go through the specific stages. (C) 2020 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.