International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.45, No.35, 17378-17387, 2020
Facile synthesis of anatase/rutile TiO2/g-C3N4 multi-heterostructure for efficient photocatalytic overall water splitting
Rational design of high-efficiency heterostructure photocatalyst is an effective strategy to realize photocatalytic H-2 evolution from pure water, but remains still a considerable challenge. Herein, an anatase/rutile TiO2/g-C3N4 (A/R/CN) multi-heterostructure photocatalyst was prepared by a facile thermoset hybrid method. The combination of two type-II semiconductor heterostructures (i.e., A/R and R/CN) significantly improve the separation and transfer efficiency of photogenerated carriers of anatase TiO2, rutile TiO2 and g-C3N4, and A/R/CN photocatalyst with high activity is obtained. The optimal A/R/CN photocatalyst exhibits significantly increased photocatalytic overall water splitting activity with a rate of H-2 evolution of 374.2 mu mol g(-1) h(-1), which is about 8 and 4 times that of pure g-C3N4 and P25. Moreover, it is demonstrated to be stable and retained a high activity (ca. 91.2%) after the fourth recycling experiment. This work comes up with an innovative perspective on the construction of multi-heterostructure interfaces to improve the overall photocatalytic water splitting performance. (C) 2020 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.