International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.45, No.38, 19045-19051, 2020
Impact of 5-hydroxy methyl furfural on continuous hydrogen production from galactose and glucose feedstock with periodic recovery
A continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) was operated for more than 120 days with fixed hydraulic retention time of 6 h at mesophilic temperature along with a periodic recovery phase towards hydrogen production and stimulated by the existence of 5-hydroxy methyl furfural concentration (5-HMF). Interestingly, CSTR mixed with a small amount of 5-HMF, range of 0.3-0.6 g/L showed at least 50% higher hydrogen production rate than control without 5-HMF. However, when 5-HMF concentration was higher than 0.6 g/L, the performance was significantly inhibited. The bacterial community shifted by 5-HMF from Clostridium-dominated to Lactobacillus-dominated population. Regardless of the remain 5-HMF concentration in CSTR, the microbial community and hydrogen producing performance were restored by stop mixing the 5-HMF from the feedstock. The high-rate hydrogen production of 20.0 +/- 1.8 L H-2/L/d was achieved in the presence of 5-HMF using the threshold information and recovery strategy. (C) 2020 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.