Inorganic Chemistry, Vol.59, No.12, 8272-8283, 2020
Ruthenium 4d-to-2p X-ray Emission Spectroscopy: A Simultaneous Probe of the Metal and the Bound Ligands
Ruthenium 4d-to-2p X-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) was systematically explored for a series of Ru2+ and Ru3+ species. Complementary density functional theory calculations were utilized to allow for a detailed assignment of the experimental spectra. The studied complexes have a range of different coordination spheres, which allows the influence of the ligand donor/acceptor properties on the spectra to be assessed. Similarly, the contributions of the site symmetry and the oxidation state of the metal were analyzed. Because the 4d-to-2p emission lines are dipole-allowed, the spectral features are intense. Furthermore, in contrast with K- or L-edge X-ray absorption of 4d transition metals, which probe the unoccupied levels, the observed 4p-to-2p XES arises from electrons in filled-ligand- and filled-metal-based orbitals, thus providing simultaneous access to the ligand and metal contributions to bonding. As such, 4d-to-2p XES should be a promising tool for the study of a wide range of 4d transition-metal compounds.