Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol.59, No.16, 7375-7382, 2020
Cu-Exchanged CHA-Type Zeolite from Organic Template-Free Synthesis: An Effective Catalyst for NH3-SCR
A Cu-containing CHA-type zeolite was prepared via aqueous ion exchange of the CHA zeolite from organic template-free synthesis. The thus-obtained template-free Cu-CHA showed the best catalytic performance (i.e., high low- and high-temperature reactivity, wide temperature-window, and high hydrothermal stability) in ammonia selective catalytic reduction (NH3-SCR) of NOx among three investigated Cu-CHA zeolites. Different Cu ion distributions of these Cu-CHA catalysts were confirmed by deconvolution of NO adsorbed Fourier transform infrared spectra; the Cu-containing template-free CHA catalyst has a high amount of isolated Cu2+ in a six-membered ring (6MR). Furthermore, the framework Al distribution is investigated by Si-29 MAS NMR analysis, indicating that the catalyst has a high fraction of paired Al sites, which stabilize Cu2+ ions in the 6MR, leading to a high ability to resist the harsh hydrothermal aging.