Energy & Fuels, Vol.34, No.7, 8575-8586, 2020
Cold Model Study of a 1.5 MWth Circulating Turbulent Fluidized Bed Fuel Reactor in Chemical Looping Combustion
A circulating turbulent fluidized bed connected with a riser and an annular carbon stripper (CS) is proposed to be used as a fuel reactor (FR) in chemical looping combustion. The bottom section of the FR is operated under a turbulent fluidization regime, which can achieve enough solid residence time and enhance the mixing of the oxygen carrier with solid fuel. A 1.5 MWth cold model of the FR was designed, constructed, and tested to investigate the hydrodynamics of solid particles with different sizes. Three kinds of quartz sands with different particle sizes (d(50) = 122, 249, and 392 mu m) were used as bed materials to simulate the oxygen carrier. Continuous operation with a reasonable pressure balance was achieved in the cold model. The effects of important variables, including gas velocity, static bed height, and particle size, on the gas-solid hydrodynamics of the FR were measured and discussed. It was found that the transition velocities from bubbling to turbulent fluidization for different particles of d(50) = 122, 249, and 392 mu m were measured to be 0.78, 0.95, and 1.06 m/s, respectively, indicating that the transition velocity increased with increasing the particle size. The solid fraction profile along the reactor height and solid circulation rate were affected by gas velocity and static bed height. A modified correlation was proposed to predict the solid fraction of the annular CS dilute phase, and the predicted results agree well with the experimental data under a wide range of operational conditions.