Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol.28, No.3, 923-932, 2020
Preparation of nano-sized tungsten carbide via fluidized bed
Ultrafine or nano-sized of tungsten carbide (WC) is the key material to prepare ultrafine grained cemented carbides. In this paper, nano-sized WC powders were directly prepared by using industrial nano-needle violet tungsten oxide (WO2.72) as the raw material, a fluidized bed as the reactor, and CO as the carbonization gas. The relationship between particle sizes and reaction temperatures, residence times, atmospheres has been investigated systematically. In addition, the physical-chemical indexes (such as residual oxygen, total carbon and free carbon) of the products were measured. The results indicated that the particle size of WC increased with the increase of temperature from 800 to 950 degrees C. As the residence time increased, the particle size decreased gradually, and then increased due to slight sintering. The introduction of hydrogen reduced the carbonization rate, and is not beneficial to obtaining nano-sized WC. Products that satisfy the standard were obtained when WO2.72 reacted with CO at 850 degrees C, 900 degrees C and 950 degrees C for 3.0 h, 2.5 h and 2.0 h, respectively. The particle sizes of the three samples calculated from the specific surface area were 46.4 nm, 53.2 nm and 52.1 nm, respectively. (C) 2019 The Chemical Industry and Engineering Society of China, and Chemical Industry Press Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.