Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol.28, No.4, 1187-1193, 2020
Preparation of graphene oxide/natural rubber composites by latex co-coagulation: Relationship between microstructure and reinforcement
Graphene oxide (GO) has recently attracted substantial interest as a possible reinforcing agent for next generation rubber composite materials. In this research, GO was incorporated in natural rubber (NR) composites through latex co-coagulation technique. The microstructures of GO/NR composites were characterized through a combination of transmission electron microscope, scanning electron microscope, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and Differential scanning calorimeter. The results showed that highly exfoliated GO sheets were finely dispersed into NR rubber matrix with strong interface interaction between GO and NR. The mechanical properties of the GO/NR composites were further evaluated. The results showed that the tensile strength, tear strength and modulus can be significantly improved at a content of less than 2 phr. Especially, GO exhibited specific reinforce mechanism in NR due to the stress-induced crystallization effects of NR. The stress transfer from the NR to the GO sheets and the hindrance of GO sheets to the stress-induced crystallization of NR were further displayed in stress-strain behavior of GO/NR composites. These enhanced properties were attributed to the high surface area of GO sheets and highly exfoliated microstructures of GO sheets in NR. (C) 2020 The Chemical Industry and Engineering Society of China, and Chemical Industry Press Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.