Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils, Vol.55, No.6, 765-777, 2020
Kinetics Study of Surface Reaction Between Acid and Sandstone Based on the Rotation Disk Instrument
The chemical reaction between acid and rock mineral during the acidizing process is the key point for the acidizing technique. In this study a rotating disk method is used to simulate strata conditions, such as high temperature, high pressure, and acid shear flow reaction. The work investigates the kinetics of the rock acidizing reaction and analyzes the factors effecting the reaction rate, including mineral composition, temperature, pressure, acid concentration, shear velocity, and common-ion effect. The kinetic parameters, such as velocity constant, reaction order, activation energy, and frequency factor, were successfully extracted by curve fitting and the linear regression method. In was shown that hydrochloric acid does not participate directly in the reaction between mud acid (which is a mixture of hydrochloric and hydrofluoric acids) and sandstone mineral but catalyzes the reaction between hydrofluoric acid and sandstone. In this work, the acid rock reaction rate equation has been established, and the impact of the hydrochloric acid catalytic effect has been considered.