Chemical Engineering Research & Design, Vol.156, 343-352, 2020
The effect of particle initial charge on minimum pickupvelocity (U-pu) in pneumatic conveying
Pneumatic conveying experiments involving monodisperse and binary-size mixtures of glass beads with charges in the range of -10 to 10 nC have been carried out. The mass loss method was adopted, with the minimum pickup velocity (U-pu) determined as the minimum velocity at which entrainment occurred. Similar to previous studies on minimum fluidization velocity, the U-pu increased with particle initial charge for the positively charged particles (0-10 nC). Surprisingly, however, negatively charged particles exhibited an opposite trend such that the U-pu decreased with charge magnitude. Therefore, for the particle initial charge range investigated (-10 to 10 nC), U-pu increased monotonically with particle initial charge, and the correlations available (Kalman et al., 2005; Tay et al., 2012) mis-predicted U-pu by up to 10 % for monodisperse systems and up to 40 % of binary-size systems. This underscores the necessity to account for particle initial charge in such correlations, particularly for polydisperse particle systems. (C) 2020 Institution of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.