Chemical Engineering Research & Design, Vol.156, 180-194, 2020
A Tchebycheff-based multi-objective combined with a PSO-SQP dynamic real-time optimization framework for cycling energy systems
The aim in this work is to develop an optimization framework to address cycling of baseload energy systems due to the penetration of renewables into the grid. The developed strategy corresponds to a multi-objective and dynamic real-time optimization (MOO-DRTO) framework applied to a postcombustion MEA-based CO2 capture process from a baseload coal-fired power plant under cycling conditions. A Tchebycheff-based method is used for the multi-objective optimization (MOO) component. Also, a hybrid approach consisting of Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) and Sequential Quadratic Programming (SQP) is implemented for the first time in process systems engineering to solve the dynamic real-time optimization (DRTO) component. The objectives considered in the MOO-DRTO framework are economic and environmental. The proposed MOO-DRTO strategy is successfully implemented and 24-h optimal output trajectories for the carbon capture system under cycling are generated. Also, the optimal compromise is chosen from the Pareto front according to a set of selected weights for the objectives with minimal interaction between the framework and decision maker. The results indicated that the developed framework has potential to be extended to plant-wide optimization applications under cycling. (C) 2020 Institution of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.