Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol.98, No.7, 1631-1644, 2020
Study on the uniformity of water film in a transpiring wall reactor for supercritical water oxidation
A three-dimensional computational fluid dynamic model of a transpiring wall reactor for supercritical water oxidation has been built to optimize the uniformity of water film. Results show that the temperature and species distributions at the nozzle outlet deviate from the reactor centre. The inner wall of the porous tube near the transpiring water injection tube displays low temperatures, while high temperatures are recorded far from the injection tube. The circumferential temperature distribution on the inner wall of the porous tube is uneven. This phenomenon is due to the uneven injection of the transpiring water, leading to the uneven protection of the water film and local overheating of the porous wall. The injection velocity of the transpiring water significantly decreases when the number of injection tubes is increased, and the circumferential velocity and temperature distributions on the porous wall gradually become even. Moreover, high pressure drops across the porous wall at low porosities are useful for the uniform injection of the transpiring water. This characteristic is also conducive to obtaining a more uniform water film protection.