Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.525, No.3, 740-746, 2020
MiR-429 regulates blood-spinal cord barrier permeability by targeting Kruppel-like factor 6
The blood-spinal cord barrier (BSCB) is an effective, tightly-connected tissue that reduces secondary spinal cord injury (SCI) by decreasing blood cell infiltration, inflammation, and neuronal cell death during primary SCI. However, the methods and molecular mechanisms of BSCB openness remain elusive. In the present study, we found that microRNA429 (miR-429) plays a vital role in the opening of the blood-spinal cord. Inhibiting the expression of miR-429 (antagomiR-429) resulted in increased expression levels of the tight junction (TJ) proteins, ZO-1, occludin, and claudin-5, in the BSCB and reduced BSCB permeability. Moreover, overexpression of miR-429 (agomiR-429) had the opposite effect. Kruppel-like factor 6 (KLF6) is a transcription factor of the zinc-finger family. Using RT-qPCR and western blotting, we found that miR-429 can negatively regulate the expression of the KLF6. Co-transfection of KLF6 and miR-429 demonstrated that miR-429 negatively regulates KLF6 to mediate TJ protein expression and BSCB permeability. Based on these results, we suggest that KLF6 may be a downstream target of miR-429, mediating TJ protein expression to regulate the BSCB. (C) 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc.