Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.526, No.1, 253-260, 2020
Protease-activated receptor 2 deficiency in hematopoietic lineage protects against myocardial infarction through attenuated inflammatory response and fibrosis
Ischaemic heart disease is one of the leading causes of death. Protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) is widely expressed within the cardiovascular system and is known to mediate inflammatory processes in various immunocytes, such as macrophages, mastocytes and neutrophils. Here, we investigated whether activating macrophage PAR2 modulates cardiac remodelling in a murine model of myocardial infarction. Myocardial infarction was produced by the permanent ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) in C57BL/6J background wild-type (WT) mice transplanted with bone marrow from WT or PAR2 knockout (PAR2 KO) mice. Hematopoietic deficiency of PAR2 had improvement of left ventricular systolic dysfunction and dilatation and decreased fibrosis deposition in remote zone at 1 week after LAD ligation. Inactivation of PAR2 also led to less recruitment of macrophages in myocardium, which was accompanied by decreased expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Furthermore, cultured cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) were activated and showed a fibrotic phenotype after being co-cultured in medium containing PAR2-activating macrophage, which enhances interferon-beta (INF-beta) expression. The beneficial effects of macrophages with INF-beta neutralisation or PAR2-deletion ameliorates the JAK/STAT3 pathway in CFs, which might be attributed to CF activation. These data suggest that macrophage-derived IFN-beta plays a crucial role in adverse cardiac remodelling after myocardial infarction, at least in part, through a PAR2-dependent mechanism. (C) 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.