Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.526, No.1, 117-121, 2020
Tannic acid, a vasodilator present in wines and beverages, stimulates Ca2+ influx via TRP channels in bEND.3 endothelial cells
Tannic acid (TA) is a polyphenol compound present in wines and many beverages. Although previous works have shown that TA could cause vasodilation in an endothelial cell (EC)-dependent manner, there is hitherto no report showing whether TA could raise EC cytosolic Ca2+ concentration. In this work we examined the effects of TA on cytosolic Ca2+ of mouse brain bEND.3 EC. TA (1-30 mu M) caused a slow elevation in cytosolic Ca2+ level in a concentration-dependent manner. At 30 mu M, TA triggered Ca2+ influx without causing intracellular Ca2+ release. TA-triggered Ca2+ influx was suppressed by Ni2+ (a non-specific Ca2+ channel blocker), ruthenium red and SKF 96365 (non-specific TRP channel blockers), CBA (a selective TRPM4 inhibitor) and M 084 (a selective TRPC4/C5 blocker). However, TA-triggered Ca2+ influx pathway was not permeable to Mn2+. Our results suggest TA activated TRP channels, possibly TRPM4 and TRPC4/C5, to promote influx of Ca2+. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.