Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.526, No.3, 793-798, 2020
Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound regulates proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells through notch signaling pathway
Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) is widely used to regulate stem cell proliferation and differentiation. However, the effect of LIPUS stimulation on neural stem cells (NSCs) is not well documented. In this study, we have identified the optimal parameters, and investigated the cellular mechanisms of LIPUS to regulate the proliferation and differentiation of NSCs in vitro. NSCs were obtained and identified by nestin immunostaining. The proliferation of NSCs were measured by using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8). The expressions of nutritional factors (NTFs) were detected with immunoassay (ELISA). NSCs differentiation were detected by immunofluorescence and immunoblotting analysis. The expression level of proteins involved in the Notch signaling pathway was also measured by immunoblotting assay. Our results showed the intensity of 69.3 mW/cm(2) (1 MHz, 8 V) was applicable for LIPUS stimulation. ELISA analysis demonstrated that LIPUS treatment promoted the expression of nutritional factors of NSCs in vitro. Immunofluorescence and immunoblotting analyses suggested that the LIPUS not only reduced the astrocyte differentiation, but also stimulated the differentiation to neurons. Additionally, LIPUS stimulation significantly upregulated expression level of Notch1 and Hes1. Results from our study suggest that LIPUS triggers NSCs proliferation and differentiation by modulating the Notch signaling pathway. This study implies LIPUS as a potential and promising therapeutic platform for the optimization of stem cells and enable noninvasive neuromodulation for central nervous system diseases. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.