Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.526, No.3, 592-598, 2020
A chloride channel in rat pancreatic acinar AR42J cells is sensitive to extracellular acidification and dependent on ROS
Extracellular acidification, playing a promoting role in the process of acute pancreatitis, has been reported to activate Cl- channels in several types of cells. However, whether extracellular acidification aggravates acute pancreatitis via activating Cl- channels remains unclear. Here, we investigated the effects of extracellular acidification on Cl- channels in rat pancreatic acinar AR42J cells using whole-cell patch-clamp recordings. We found that extracellular acidification induced a moderately outward-rectified Cl- current, with a selectivity sequence of I- > Br- >= Cl- > gluconate(-), while intracellular acidification failed to induce the currents. The acid-sensitive currents were inhibited by Cl- channel blockers, 4,4'-Diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid disodium salt hydrate and 5-Nitro 2 (3-phenylpropylamino) benzoic acid. After ClC-3 was silenced by ClC-3 shRNA, the acid-sensitive Cl- currents were attenuated significantly, indicating that ClC-3 plays a vital role in the induction of acid-sensitive Cl- currents. Extracellular acid elevated the intracellular level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) significantly, prior to inducing Cl- currents. When ROS production was scavenged, the acid-sensitive Cl(-)currents were abolished. Whereas, the level of acid-induced ROS was unaffected with silence of ClC-3. Our findings above demonstrate that extracellular acidification induces a Cl- current in pancreatic acinar cells via promoting ROS generation, implying an underlying mechanism that extra-cellular acidification might aggravate acute pancreatitis through Cl- channels. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.